CHARLOTTESVILLE– Owners must buy an annual license (making sure to fill out a dog license application and show that the dog's rabies vaccination is up to date). $4 for unsexed (spayed or neutered) dogs. $10 for unspayed and unneutered. (For 3x the price, owners may also purchase three-year licenses for dogs that have at least a year remaining on their rabies vaccination certificate.) Annual licenses expire December 31 of each year. Three-year licenses can be purchased at the City Hall and one-year licenses from the SPCA at 3355 Berkmar Drive, which can be reached at 973-5959.
ALBEMARLE– $5 for spayed or neutered, $10 for fertile pets. Multi-year dog tags are now available at twice or triple the annual fees. Purchase at the Albemarle County Office Building, 401 McIntire Road (296-5851), the SPCA (973-5959), or from the Scottsville Town Administrator (286-2511).
Dogs in parks
A little over a decade ago, Charlottesville City Council passed a then-controversial law requiring dogs to be on a leash and under control in all city parks (as well as at schools, cemeteries, and the Downtown Mall). Three exceptions include a fenced-in area at Azalea Park; certain stretches of the Rivanna Trail on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays; and a one-acre fenced area at Darden Towe Park. As for Monticello, Thomas Jefferson's home allows dogs on its grounds and at its Kemper Park, but dogs are not allowed inside buildings, on the buses, or on the swanky Saunders Trail.
Unlike the County, the City has a law mandating the cleanup of dog feces– and even provides plastic bag dispensers and containers in the parks to aid in the effort. Failure to scoop is a Class Four misdemeanor.
Loose/stray dogs- If they're friendly, many people take them directly to the Charlottsville-Albemarle SPCA which adopted a no-kill policy when it moved into its new facilities several years ago. Otherwise, you can call the dispatcher for Charlottesville, Albemarle, and University Animal Control: 977-9041.
Dog-fighting– The scourge of dog-fighting is very much a reality in Virginia; and in 2003, legislation banning breeding, training, or selling dogs for dog-fighting sponsored by area legislator Rob Bell was signed into law. (The Hook bans "free to good home" pet ads because dog-fighters reportedly use such ads to obtain "bait animals.")
In 2008, the County banned "audible noise" from animals but requires a complaining neighbor who has been hearing barking lasting for 30 minutes (with no stops longer than five minutes) to swear out an arrest warrant for this Class Three misdemeanor which carries a maximum penalty of $500. The county exempts breeders and dogs who live on over five acres of land.
While control of your dog via voice command is sufficient in most areas of Charlottesville, Albemarle adopted a leash law in April 2012 which considers letting your dogs run free range a Class Four misdemeanor with fines up to $250.