Sporting chance: Set a flexible goal and stick to it

Watching professional sports is inspirational if you need a kick in the pants to set high goals for yourself, but the trick is not to make goals so lofty that you make yourself sick.

Having finished 17th at beach volleyball nationals, I can tell you that the difference between the very top and those near the top is not skills– everyone has the skills. The difference is mental.

The top five or ten players are so tough that almost nothing makes them waver, and their belief in their ability to succeed is extreme. I know because I didn't have those qualities, and as I inched closer to the top ranks, the in-game pressure gave me stomach aches.

I remember the first time I played the team ranked #1 in the United States: I got killed. Their focus was unflappable, whereas I found myself thinking about my bathing suit, the crowd, my mother. Anything. Everything. It was like my mind was possessed by the volleyball devil. And every time I lost focus, I made an error on the court.

Lack of focus became a defense against the goals that overwhelmed me. By distracting myself from my goal– to get to the #1 spot– I protected myself from huge disappointment. Unfortunately, I also ensured that I never inched up beyond 17th place.

I found myself spending too much time off the court, excelling at ancillary parts of professional sports where the stakes weren't very high. I was great at landing sponsorships and sniffing out the best coaches, but my fear of failing at my real goal always held me back.

Today, I play volleyball only recreationally, but my experience with competitive volleyball informs my approach to setting goals in all aspects of my life.

• Goals should be tough enough that they challenge you to stay focused.

• Goals should scare you a little because that's how you learn about yourself, but if the goals are too hard, you get stuck and stop learning.

Today, most advice is about how to dream big. But goals need to be flexible. Too small a goal would not be rewarding, but too big a goal can be stifling. You need to create goals for yourself that enable you to stay focused.

One way to know how well you're setting goals is to look at your intensity of focus: Too small a goal does not require focus, and if you want to focus, but if you can't make it happen, then your goal is probably too large. The better you know yourself, the better you will be at setting goals.

I cannot imagine what it would be like to be as great an athlete as, say, Michael Phelps, but I got shivers when I saw him holding a gold medal in the Olympics, because I can imagine what it's like to have to adjust your goals in order to cope with the pressure. That’s a path to success that requires knowing yourself very well, and it is a path as brave as any other.
Penelope Trunk has started and written about many businesses, which now takes up all her time. This column was penned a while back, but it's still good advice.